Web hosting (in lay terms) is the ability to provide a website or application storage space on the internet on a server. When your website is accessible on the internet, other computers linked to the internet can reach it easily.
Different service providers provide web hosting with the infrastructure available to store the site’s files correctly. By subscribing to a hosting company, you simply rent space on a server owned and operated by their Web hosting companies.
Since most people or even corporations don’t have their servers, a third-party web hosting company will rent server space.
A server is a 24/7 physical device, enabling you still to access your site’s files without interruption in operation. Such servers overflow with the hardware and software needed to operate on your website.
Your web host is responsible for the maintenance, protection, and operation of the right software so that server files are accessible through a web browser, such as Google Chrome or Firefox.
How does Web Hosting Work?
Web hosts are companies that rent their services and technologies to host online websites. Once your hosting company hosts your website, users can access it by typing in their web browser your web address (domain name). Once you do so, your domain links to your website’s server. The server, in turn, sends the website to your web visitor (sends the files that you saved on your web browser for display).
Your website is just a list of different data. You need a place to store all these files when you create a website. This place is the server of your hosting company.
You will save on this server media, files, databases, and anything else that is needed to render your website correctly. How much storage you have depends on your hosting plan. If you are just starting online, you are likely to rent a portion of a server that you share with other websites. For growing storage and traffic requirements, you need to scale up and rent a complete physical server — or at least use one’s resources with a cloud or VPS server.
Normally, you will have access to the server through a solution such as cPanel when you sign up for a hosting web package. This facilitates the uploading of your files to the server. Or, to create your site quickly, you can install a CMS such as WordPress.
You would also need to register a domain name to get a fully functional website. Once you purchase it, you will point it to your server, which will let the web browser know where your files are.
After that, the web browser takes files from the server and displays them for the viewer. So if a person types the files into your domain name or clicks a link to your site. All this will take place in a couple of seconds or less. If this is too long, you either need to speed up your website or consider switching hosts completely.
Web hosting and data centres
Website hosting and data centres are getting a lot confused. They’re the same kind of thing. But they’re technically different. The word web hosting refers to the service you are paying for. Which the files on your website display on the Web.
The most critical aspect of a data centre is the server network. A server is very similar to a desktop computer, but they are much more powerful than you may have on your desk.
The term “data centre” refers to the actual technological infrastructure used to provide the hosting service by the hosting company. In addition to servers, items like backup supplies, security measures and communication equipment, air-cooling systems, and much more.
Cloud hosting is a fairly new hosting type. However, it quickly grew to become one of today’s leading types of hosting. Cloud hosting means your website is hosted simultaneously on multiple different servers.
The physical servers are in the form of clusters. This is advantageous because if one of the servers is overloaded. The traffic routes to another cloud server in the cluster.
You get an extremely reliable form of hosting with cloud hosting. Furthermore, it is very flexible and can be upgraded or downgraded in real-time, so you only pay the server resources you are currently using.
Siteground is providing great web hosting and cloud hosting services for enthusiastic people, we recommend you to check them out.